In this day and age, women are not confined at home and kitchen for raising children, caring family members and cooking food etc. They are participating in every sector of education, job, social activities, politics and so on. Now femininity is not only symbol of love, affection, tenderness but also symbol of power and strength. They are not weak and inferior but superior to men. But among them few have the power to change the world through their works and words. So this article is about World’s most Powerful 10 Women who have the competence to make impact on world politics and economy.
Her full name is Angela Dorothea Merkel and she is a German politician, leader of the center-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Chancellor of Germany. It is her fourth term serving as a Chancellor in Germany. She is considered the most powerful women in the world because of her lengthy and sparkling political career. She has remained at the top spot since 2006. She was the first female Chancellor ever in Germany.
Merkel started her political career in 1989 during the revolution of 1989 as a deputy spokesperson for the first democratically elected East German Government. Before that she had worked as a research scientist. In 1990 she was elected as one of the members of German Parliament then in 1994 she became the minister of Environment. By the year 2000 she turned into the leader of her political party CDU.
She is titled as “Mutti” (mother) because of her contribution for the economic development in Germany during her reign. For 19 years Markel is serving as Chancellor and at that time she has dominated not only Germany but the whole Europe. She is described as the de facto leader of the European Union because of her role during the Eurozone crisis. She is the only leader of EU who has acted alone to solve the world-wide Refugee problem as a humanitarian. Though she has to face many controversies, she is firm on her decision. So all these facts that have made Markel as the most popular and at the same time most controversial leader in whole Europe.
Theresa Mary May is a British politician and leader of the Conservative Party who is serving as prime minister in United Kingdom from 2016 after the resign of former PM David Cameron. She is the second female prime minister of UK after Margaret Thatcher, the Iron Lady.
Her political career started in 1997 as an elected member of parliament (PM) for Maidenhead. From 1999 to 2010, May held a number of roles in Shadow Cabinets. She was also Chairwoman of the Conservative Party from 2002 to 2003. After the general election of 2010, May was appointed Home Secretary and Minister for Women and Equalities; and continued as Home Secretary till 2016. Theresa May is now talk of the topic because of BREXIT negotiations.
Christine Madeleine Odette Lagarde is a France Lawyer and politician. She is also Managing Director (MD) and Chairwoman of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) since 2011. This is her second term as a MD in IMF and she is the first female MD and chairwomen of IMF. As a politician Lagarde held various senior ministerial posts in the French government: she was Minister of Economic Affairs, Finance and Employment, Minister of Agriculture and Fishing and Minister of Trade in the government of Dominique de Villepin. Lagarde was also the first woman to become Finance Minister of a G8 economy. On 16 November 2009, the Financial Times ranked her the best Minister of Finance in the Eurozone. As a lawyer she was also successful and was the first female chair of the major international law firm Baker & McKenzie, between 1999 and 2004. In 2014, Lagarde was ranked the 5th most powerful woman in the world by Forbes magazine and now for 2019 she is in 3rd position.
Mary Teresa Barra is the Chairwoman and CEO of General Motors Company (is an American multinational corporation). She is the first ever female CEO of a major global automaker. Barra obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering then attended Stanford Graduate School of Business on a GM fellowship, receiving her Master’s in Business Administration degree in 1990.
She started working for General Motors at age 18 as a co-op student in 1980 and then held different positions in GM. In February 2008, she became vice president of Global Manufacturing Engineering and in next year she was named vice president of Global Human Resources. In 2014 she became the first female chief executive of General Motors. As a CEO she is working for the development of this company and for her contribution in 2017 Barra became the highest paid CEO. She was elected to the board of Disney in August 2017.
Abigail Pierrepont Johnson is an American businesswoman and has been president and chief executive officer of US investment firm Fidelity Investments (FMR), and chairman of Fidelity International (FIL), a multinational financial services corporation based in Boston, Massachusetts. Johnson graduated from Hobart and William Smith with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in art history in 1984 and shortly after started her career as a consultant at Booz Allen Hamilton from 1985–86.
After completing her MBA at Harvard Business School she joined Fidelity Investments as an analyst and portfolio manager in 1988. She was named president in August 2012 and chief executive of Fidelity Investments in October 2014. In November 2016, Johnson was named chairman and will remain CEO and president, giving her full control of Fidelity with 45,000 employees worldwide. This industry was founded by her grand-father Edward C. Johnson II in 1946. Her father Edward C. “Ned” Johnson III remains chairman emeritus of FMR. She has been holding an estimated of 24.5% share in this company.
Melinda Ann Gates is an American philanthropist and Co-founder of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF). She is wife of Bill Gates. Both Bill and Melinda have founded this foundation to enhance healthcare and reduce extreme poverty, and, in the U.S., to expand educational opportunities and access to information technology in 2000. It is considered to be the largest private foundation in the world, holding $50.7 billion in assets. Melinda was a former general manager at Microsoft.
She started her career as a marketing manager at Microsoft. In the early 1990s, Gates was appointed as General Manager of Information Products, a position in which she held until 1996. Prior to found Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation she worked with different institutions. But her focus was at humanitarian activities that influenced her to build this foundation.
In 2014, Bill and Melinda have donated US$28 billion to this Foundation. For her contribution for humanity, Melinda has awarded many times and recognized as a philanthropist. In December 2005, Melinda and Bill Gates were named by Time as Persons of the Year. She was ranked 3 in Forbes 2013, 2014 and 2017 lists of the 100 Most Powerful Women, 4 in 2012 and 6 in 2011. Gates was appointed an honorary Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2013 for services to philanthropy and international development. In 2017, President François Hollande awarded Gates and her husband with France’s highest national award, the Legion of Honour, in Paris for their charity efforts and she solely was awarded the Otto Hahn Peace Medal 2016 of the United Nations Association of Germany (DGVN), Berlin-Brandenburg, “for outstanding services to peace and international understanding” in the historic Berlin Town Hall.
Susan Diane Wojcicki, a Polish-American technology executive who works as CEO of YouTube since February 2014. She is the daughter of Esther Wojcicki and Stanley Wojcicki. Her mother is an educator of Russian-Jewish descent and her father is a Polish American physics professor at Stanford University. She completed her BA degree from Harvard University on literature in 1990 and Master’s of Science in economics from the University of California, Santa Cruz in 1993 and a Master of Business Administration from the UCLA Anderson School of Management in 1998.
She started her career working in marketing at Intel Corporation. Susan was involved in the founding of Google, and became Google’s first marketing manager in 1999. She handled two of Google’s largest acquisitions — the $1.65 billion purchase of YouTube in 2006 and the $3.1 billion purchase of DoubleClick in 2007. She became the CEO of YouTube in 2014.She is considered “the most important person in advertising”. Since taking on the role of CEO, YouTube’s percentage of female employees has risen from 24 to nearly 30 percent. In 2018, Wojcicki ranked 10 on Fortune’s list of Most Powerful Women and currently is ranked 41 on Forbes list of America’s Self-Made Women.
Ana Patricia Botín
Ana Patricia Botín-Sanz de Sautuola O’Shea is a Spanish banker who works as an executive chairman of Santander Group (a Spanish multinational commercial bank and financial services company). She was appointed as CEO in 2014. Her father, Emilio Botín was also CEO of this Bank.
After completing her study, Botín worked at JP Morgan (an American multinational investment bank) in the US for eight years. In 1988, she returned to Spain and began working for the Santander Group. She was also appointed a director of the Coca-Cola Company in 2013. In 2016, she was ranked the 10th most powerful woman in the world by Forbes and in 2017 she rose to the Number 9. In December 2015, she was honored by the Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire for her services to the British financial sector.
Marillyn Adams Hewson is the chairman, president and chief executive officer of Lockheed Martin (an American global aerospace, defense, security and advanced technologies company) since 2013. Hewson joined Lockheed Martin in 1983 and has held a variety of executive positions with the company, including President and Chief Operating Officer, Executive Vice President of Lockheed Martin’s Electronic Systems business area, President of Lockheed Martin Systems Integration, Executive Vice President of Global Sustainment for Lockheed Martin Aeronautics, President and General Manager of Kelly Aviation Center, L.P., and President of Lockheed Martin Logistics Services. She was elected to Lockheed Martin’s board of directors in 2012. After conducting as CEO, Hewson has doubled Lockheed’s market cap. In the September 15, 2015 issue of Fortune magazine, Hewson was ranked 4th as the “Most Powerful Women in Business”.
Virginia Marie “Ginni” Rometty is the chairwoman, president, and CEO of IBM (International Business Machines Corporation) an American multinational information technology company. She is the first female and ninth chief executive in its history. She first joined IBM as a systems analyst and systems engineer in 1981 and subsequently headed global sales, marketing, and strategy.
She joined IBM’s Consulting Group in 1991. Her great success for this company was negotiating the purchase of the consulting firm PricewaterhouseCoopers which was “largest acquisition in professional services history” and launching IBM in the services business in 2002. At that time she was serving as senior vice president of IBM Global Business Services.
Rometty had successfully shifted IBM away from “shrinking businesses such as computers and operating system software, and into higher-growth areas like artificial intelligence. She has been listed among Fortune’s “50 Most Powerful Women in Business since 2005. Bloomberg named her among the 50 Most Influential People in the World in 2012. She was also named to the Time 100 list in 2012.